Analysis and Performance assessment of a novel micro-discharge plasma reactor for CO2 conversion

Nom de l'entreprise / du laboratoire: ONERA
Adresse web: https://w3.onera.fr/formationparlarecherche/propositions-post-docs
Encadrant: Paul-Quentin Elias
Durée: 12 months

Profil et compétences recherchées 

We seek a candidate with a PhD in physics, plasma chemistry or chemical engineering. The successful candidate should be creative, able to work in a multidisciplinary context as a team player. Demonstrated experimental skills in either process intensification, non-equilibrium plasma or plasma-catalysis are mandatory. In addition, the candidate should be proficient in oral English or French, with demonstrated communication skills.

 
Présentation du projet post-doctoral, contexte et objectif

The valorization of Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a one of the paths explored to reduce greenhouse gases emissions. Plasma processes have attracted considerable interests over the last decade because they can be tailored to enhance the reactivity of molecules even when operated at atmospheric pressure and temperature. The dissociation of CO2 in carbon monoxide (CO) is an example of reaction where the plasma can be of interest compared to classical thermal processes (thermolyse), which require very high temperature of operation. In general, atmospheric plasma processes can either achieve significant conversion fraction at lower efficiency (usually for dielectric barrier discharge), or high conversion efficiency at low conversion fraction (for glidearc discharge)[1, Fig. 24]. The key to achieve economically sustainable plasma process is of course to combine both a significant conversion fraction with a high efficiency. For this purpose, the type and the topology of the discharge is critical.

Recently, a joint research project between the plasma research group at ONERA and the plasma-catalysis research group at Institut Jean Le Rond d’Alembert has resulted in the patenting of a new type of plasma reactor using a microstructured topology. Although not optimized for a specific process, this reactor has shown very promising preliminary results, in particular for the dissociation of CO2. Following these findings, ONERA and d’Alembert have been awarded a grant, including the funding of a postdoctoral fellow for one year, first to confirm and expand these findings and second, to improve our understanding of the processes responsible for this efficiency. In particular, the role of the specific plasma regime used in the reactor, akin to a “cold” spark, needs to be carefully characterized.

The goals of this postdoctoral project are:

  • To map the performances of this new reactor design. For this purpose, the fellow will build from the existing experimental setup to explore the parametric response of the reactor and find the conversion factor and efficiency.
  • To improve the reactor design to facilitate its upscaling. For this purpose, the fellow will lead the design of an optimized reactor to demonstrate its operation on a larger scale
  • To determine the main mechanism driving the efficiency in this particular reactor topology, using a model of the plasma kinetic that will be compared to the experimental measurements

During this project, the fellow will contribute to a growing collaboration between ONERA and d’Alembert and will share its activity between the two laboratories (Palaiseau and Saint Cyr l’Ecole). The team will include at least two permanent staffs, another postdoctoral fellow and a PhD student. The fellow will develop skills related to atmospheric plasma generation and diagnostics, chemical analysis, experiment optimization and design. At least one publication detailing the performances of the reactor is expected, plus a contribution to an international conference.

[1]        R. Snoeckx et A. Bogaerts, « Plasma technology – a novel solution for CO2 conversion? », Chem. Soc. Rev., vol. 46, no 19, p. 5805‑5863, 2017, doi: 10.1039/C6CS00066E.

[2]        A. Bogaerts et G. Centi, « Plasma Technology for CO2 Conversion: A Personal Perspective on Prospects and Gaps », Frontiers in Energy Research, vol. 8, 2020, Consulté le: 29 août 2022. [En ligne]. Disponible sur: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenrg.2020.00111

 

Description détaillée:

Pour postuler, envoyez votre CV et votre lettre de motivation par e-mail à elias@onera.fr